Table 1.

List of the F1 and Synthesized Allopolyploids of Triticum, Aegilops, and Secale That Were Produced in this Worka

Cross CombinationGenomic Constitution of F1Synthesized Allopolyploids
Natural allopolyploid combinations
   Tetraploids (2n = 4x = 28)
Ae. sharonensis (TH01) × Ae. umbellulata (TU04)SlU+
Ae. longissima (TL02) × Ae. umbellulata (TU02)SlU+
Ae. longissima (TL05) × T. urartu (TMU06)SlA+
Ae. sharonensis (TH02) × T. monococcum ssp aegilopoides (TMB02)SlAm+
T. monococcum ssp aegilopoides (TMB02) × Ae. speltoides (TS86)AmS+
Ae. longissima (TL01) × T. monococcum ssp aegilopoides (TMB02)SlAm
Ae. longissima (TL02) × T. monococcum ssp aegilopoides (TMB02)SlAm
Ae. bicornis (TB01) × T. urartu (TMU06)SbA
Hexaploids (2n = 6x = 42)
T. turgidum ssp cartlicum (TTH01) × Ae. tauschii (TQ17)BAD+
T. turgidum ssp cartlicum (TTH01) × Ae. tauschii (TQ17)BAD+
T. turgidum ssp durum (TTR04) × Ae. tauschii (TQ27)BAD+
T. turgidum ssp durum (TTR16) × Ae. tauschii (TQ27)BAD+
T. turgidum ssp durum (Lang 5D[5B]) × Ae. tauschii (TQ17)BAD
T. turgidum ssp durum (TTR19) × Ae. tauschii (TQ27)BAD+
T. turgidum ssp dicoccoides (TTD20) × Ae. tauschii (TQ27)BAD+
Nonnatural allopolyploid combinations
Tetraploids (2n = 4x = 28)
Ae. speltoides (TS86) × Ae. caudata (TD01)SC+
T. urartu (TMU38) × Ae. tauschii (TQ27)AD+
Ae. bicornis (TB01) × Ae. tauschii (TQ27)SbD+
Ae. longissima (TL01) × Ae. tauschii (TQ27)SlD
Ae. longissima (TL02) × Ae. tauschii (TQ27)SlD
Hexaploids (2n = 6x = 42)
T. turgidum ssp durum (TTR16) × Ae. speltoides (TS01)BAS+
T. turgidum ssp durum (TTR19) × Ae. sharonensis (TH01)BASl+
T. turgidum ssp durum (Lang 5D[5B]) × Ae. speltoides (TS01)BAS
T. turgidum ssp durum (TTR16) × Ae. longissima (TL01)BASl
T. turgidum ssp durum (TTR16) × Ae. longissima (TL02)BASl
Octoploids (2n = 8x = 56)
T. aestivum ssp aestivum (TAA01) × Ae. speltoides (TS01)BADS+
Ae. speltoides (TS42) × T. aestivum ssp aestivum (TAA01)SBAD+
T. aestivum ssp aestivum (TAA01) × Ae. longissima (TL01)BADSl+
T. aestivum ssp aestivum (TAA01) × Ae. longissima (TL02)BADSl+
T. aestivum ssp aestivum (TAA01) × Ae. sharonensis (TH01)BADSl
T. aestivum ssp aestivum (TAA01) × Ae. bicornis (TB01)BADSb
T. aestivum ssp aestivum (TAA01) × S. cereale (SC01)BADR+
T. aestivum ssp aestivum (TAA01 ph1 ph1) × Ae. longissima (TL01)BADSl+
T. aestivum ssp aestivum (TAA01 ph1 ph1) × Ae. speltoides (TS01)BADS
T. aestivum ssp aestivum (TAA01 ph1 ph1) × Ae. sharonensis (TH01)BADSl
  • a All allopolyploids were produced by colchicine treatment of F1 seedlings except for TTR04–TQ27, TTR16–TQ27, and TTR19–TQ27, which were obtained by spontaneous formation of unreduced gametes on F1 plants.