Table 1.

Carotenoid Composition in Fruit and Flowers of Wild-Type and tangerine Mutants

M82 (Wild Type)tangerine3183Micro-Tomtangerinemic
Fruits
 Phytoene5.2 ± 2.115.3 ± 2.66.9 ± 2.116.0 ± 1.2
 Phytofluene3.6 ± 0.88.7 ± 1.535.9 ± 1.09.8 ± 1.8
 ζ-Carotene1.5 ± 2.023.6 ± 6.31.1 ± 0.431.7 ± 8.4
 Cis-neurosporene8.0 ± 4.111.4 ± 0.6
 Neurosporene0.2 ± 0.36.0 ± 3.10.4 ± 0.46.2 ± 1.7
 Di-cis-lycopene6.4 ± 3.23.6 ± 0.3
 Prolycopene0.4 ± 0.725.4 ± 7.715.2 ± 7.8
 Lycopene75.2 ± 10.20.6 ± 1.278.0 ± 6.0
 β-Carotene5.9 ± 3.12.8 ± 3.31.2 ± 0.42.4 ± 1.0
 Others/unidentified8.03.26.53.7
 Total carotenoids (μg g fresh weight)77.0 ± 560.0 ± 17104.0 ± 3353.0 ± 8
Flowers
 Phytoenea11.5 ± 3.40.3 ± 0.125.0 ± 7.8
 Phytofluenea3.3 ± 0.97.5 ± 2.8
 ζ-Carotenea4.6 ± 1.98.8 ± 1.3
 Cis-neurosporene2.6 ± 0.1
 Neurosporene1.6 ± 1.12.0 ± 0.1
 Di-cis-lycopene4.0 ± 3.8
 Prolycopene1.0 ± 0.930.2 ± 2.8
 Lycopene1.8 ± 1.8
 γ-Carotene3.2 ± 1.6
 β-Carotene1.1 ± 1.75.5 ± 1.40.8 ± 0.73.5 ± 1.6
 Rubixanthin11.6 ± 4.51.8 ± 2.6
 β-Cryptoxanthin2.5 ± 0.70.9 ± 1.1
 Violaxanthin37.0 ± 7.111.0 ± 6.133.2 ± 6.4
 Neoxanthin59.4 ± 7.036.5 ± 9.757.7 ± 6.39.7 ± 6.5
 Lutein2.5 ± 1.04.8 ± 0.67.1 ± 2.3
 Others/unidentified1.54.9
 Total carotenoids (μg g fresh weight)770 ± 112 490 ± 327 1350 ± 521998
  • a All isomers.

  • Numbers correspond to percentage of total carotenoids. Total carotenoid concentration is per fresh weight.