Table 1. Crop Species and Proposed Progenitors
Common NameFamilyCrop SpeciesProposed Progenitor
1. BananaMusaceaeMusa acuminata (AAA Group) cv Dwarf CavendishSeveral Musa acuminata subspecies
2. BarleyPoaceaeHordeum vulgareHordeum vulgare subsp spontaneum (synonym of Hordeum spontaneum)
3. CassavaEuphrobiaceaManihot esculentaManihot esculenta subsp flabellifolia (synonym of Manihot esculenta)
4. ChickpeaLeguminosaeCicer arietinumCicer reticulatum
5. CocoaMalvaceaeTheobroma cacaoTheobroma cacao
6. CoconutArecaceaeCocos nuciferaCocos nucifera
7. Coffee (Arabica)RubiaceaeCoffea arabicaCoffea arabica
8. Coffee (Robusta)RubiaceaeCoffea canephoraCoffea canephora
9. Common beanLeguminosaePhaseolus vulgarisPhaseolus vulgaris
10. Upland cottonMalvaceaeGossypium hirsutumGossypium hirsutum
11. CowpeaLeguminosaeVigna unguiculata subsp unguiculataVigna unguiculata subsp unguiculata var spontanea
12. GrapeVitaceaeVitis viniferaVitis vinifera subsp sylvestris (synonym of Vitis vinifera)
13. MaizePoaceaeZea maysZea mays subsp parviglumis (synonym of Zea mays)
14. Finger milletPoaceaeEleusine coracanaEleusine coracana subsp africana (synonym of Eleusine coracana)
15. Pearl milletPoaceaePennisetum glaucumPennisetum americanum subsp monodii (synonym of Pennisetum violaceum)
16. OatPoaceaeAvena sativaAvena sterilis
17. OliveOleaceaeOlea europaea (also Olea europaea subsp europaea)Olea europaea subsp oleaster (synonym of Olea europaea subsp europaea)
18. Oil palm (African)ArecaceaeElaeis guineensisElaeis guineensis
19. PeaLeguminosaePisum sativumPisum sativum subsp humile (synonym of Pisum sativum subsp elatius)
20. PeanutLeguminosaeArachis hypogaeaArachis monticola
21. RapeseedBrassicaceaeBrassica napusBrassica rapa and Brassica oleracea
22. RicePoaceaeOryza sativaOryza rufipogon
23. RyePoaceaeSecale cerealeSecale cereale
24. Rubber treeEuphorbiaceaeHevea brasiliensisHevea brasiliensis
25. SesamePedaliaceaeSesamum indicumSesamum indicum var malabaricum
26. SorghumPoaceaeSorghum bicolorSorghum bicolor subsp verticilliflorum (synonym of Sorghum arundinaceum)
27. SoybeanLeguminosaeGlycine maxGlycine soja (synonym of Glycine max subsp soja)
28. SugarcanePoaceaeSaccharum officinarumSaccharum robustum
29. SunflowerAsteraceaeHelianthus annuusHelianthus annuus
30. Sweet potatoConvolvulaceaeIpomoea batatasIpomoea trifida
31. Common wheatPoaceaeTriticum aestivumTriticum turgidum and Aegilops tauschii
32. Durum wheatPoaceaeTriticum turgidumTriticum turgidum subsp dicoccoides (synonym of Triticum dicoccoides)